- 1. Dates
- Born: Portugal, 1568
- Died: Portugal, 1630
- Dateinfo: Dates Certain
- Lifespan: 62
- 2. Father
- Occupation: Aristocrat
- Abreu is said to have been from a noble family.
- No information on financial status.
- 3. Nationality
- Birth: Portuguese
- Career: Portuguese
- Death: Portuguese
- 4. Education
- Schooling: Evora, M.A.; Coimbra, M.D.
- Evora University, 1577-c.83. I assume B.A.; M.A. c. 1583.
- Coimbra Univ., Licentiate in medicine--list this as M.D.
- 5. Religion
- Affiliation: Catholic
- 6. Scientific Disciplines
- Primary: Medicine
- Abreu's book on tropical diseases was the first in this field.
- 7. Means of Support
- Primary: Governmental Office
- Secondary: Patronage, Medical Practice
- Initially practiced with little success in Lisbon.
- Through his father's friendship with Count Duarte de Castelo Branco (of Portuguese government) appointed physician to the governor of Angola in 1594, with annual salary of 24,000 reis.
- Apparently in Angola until 1603.
- In Brazil, 1603-6 as physician to governor; served as military surgeon during a Dutch attack.
- Returned to Portugal, ill, in 1606.
- In 1612, Physician to the treasury officials with a salary of 10,000 reis, a position he held until 1629. In 1616 Philip III granted him pension of 16,000 reis for services to the crown in Angola and Brazil, and made him physician of his chamber.
- Abreu also ran a private practice in Lisbon.
- Dedicated his book to Fray Antonio de Sotomayor, who had been his patient in Lisbon and who was confessor to Philip IV. Sotomayor is described as Abreu's maecenas. Abreu's book is written in Spanish for him.
- 8. Patronage
- Types: Court, Aristocracy, Ecclesiastical Official, Governmental Official
- 9. Technological Involvement
- Type: Medical Practice
- 10. Scientific Societies
- Memberships: None
- Main source is the autobiographical passage at the beginning of his book, Tratado de las siete enfermedades, (Lisbon, 1632).
- F. Guerra, "Aleixo de Abreu . . . ," Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71 (1968), 55-69.
- Dictionary of Brazilian Biography.
Not Available and Not Consulted
- Francisco Sousa Viterbo, O licenciado Aleixo d'Abreu, (Porto, 1912). I cannot find this in any library catalogue; I do find reference to Noticia sobre alguno medicos portugueses, 5 vols. (Lisboa, 1895-1915) by Sousa Viterbo.
- Compiled by:
- Richard S. Westfall
- Department of History and Philosophy of Science
- Indiana University