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Barchusen, Johann Conrad

1. Dates
Born: Horn, Westphalia, Germany, 16 Mar 1666
Died: Utrecht, Netherlands, 2 Oct 1723
Dateinfo: Dates Certain
Lifespan: 57
2. Father
Occupation: No Information
No information on financial status.
3. Nationality
Birth: German
Career: Dutch
Death: Dutch
4. Education
Schooling: No University
No formal schooling, studied pharmacy under various famous German practitioners.
1698, Honorary MD from Utrecht (do not list this)
5. Religion
Affiliation: Protestant (assumed) 6. Discipline: chemistry, iatrochemistry.
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: None
7. Means of Support
Primary: Academia
Secondary: Patronage, Medicine
I am convinced that the patronage from the city fathers of Utrecht had to be connected with medical practice, but so far we find no mention of it. He did practice on campaign with Morosini.
Before 1693, worked with pharmacists while studying with them. He was sort of an itinerant physician/pharmacist.
1693, physician to Francesco Morosini during his military campaign.
1694, became Privatdozent in chemistry at Utrecht.
April 1695, City Fathers of Utrecht provided him with a laboratory.
1698, became Lector in Chemistry at Utrecht, starting salary of 250 guilders, various raises later brought it to 600 guilders.
1703, promoted to extraordinary professor of chemistry.
Also received various lump sums for the dedication of some of his published works.
8. Patronage
Types: Aristocracy, Then City Magistrates
Physician to Morosini in 1693.
Owed his salary and every academic promotion to the magistrates of Utrecht (no specific ones mentioned).
9. Technological Involvement
Types: Medical Practice, Pharmacology
Pharmacist/physician early in career.
Barchusen was the first to teach a technological course (metallurgy) in a university chemistry course; he also taught iatrochemistry.
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
Sources
  1. O. Hannaway, "Johann Conrad Barchusen (1666 - 1723)--Contem- porary and Rival of Boerhaave", Ambix, 14 (1967), pp 96 - 111 (contains list of secondary literature) QD 13 .A49
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. Caspar Burmann, Traiectum eruditum, (Utrecht 1750) p. 14 -- Manuscripta Film List 12 Reel 3 E. Cohen, "De Chemie te Utrecht in den loop der Eeuwen I", Chem.
  2. Weekblad, 38 (1941), pp. 299-300 -- Chem Lib QD 1. C548 John Ferguson, Bibliotheca Chemica, (2 vol Glasgow 1906), 1, 72 (cites other sources) -- Lilly Joecher, Allgemeine Gelehrten Lexicon, (Leipzig 1750), 1, col 780 -- Reference room has reprint Hildesheim 1961 G. W. Kernkamp, De Utrechtsche Academie 1636 - 1936, 2 vols. (Utrecht 1936), 1, 169, 294, et passim Larousse, Grand Dictionnaire Universel du XIXe siecle, (Paris 1867), 2, 229. C. L. F. Panckoucke, Biographie Medicale, (Paris 1820), 1, 554 J. W. Van Spronsen, "Barchusen 1666-1723", Chem. Weekblad, 62 (1966), 604-6 -- Chem Lib QD 1. C548 Biographie Universelle, (Paris 1843), 3, p. 71 Hirsch, Biographisches Lexicon, 2nd ed, (Berlin 1929), p. 335 E. Hoefer, Biographie Generale, (Paris 1861), 3, col 469.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

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1995 Al Van Helden
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