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Bauhin, Gaspard

1. Dates
Born: Basel, Switzerland, 17 Jan 1560
Died: Basel, Switzerland, 5 Dec 1624
Dateinfo: Dates Certain
Lifespan: 64
2. Father
Occupation: Physician
I assume prosperous.
3. Nationality
Birth: Swiss
Career: Swiss
Death: Swiss
4. Education
Schooling: Basel, M.D.
Secondary: taught by his father and brother Jean, but also attended gymnasium of Thomas Platter.
University: 1572, entered University of Basel; 1575, bachelor of Philosophy; 1577, first medical disputation.
1577 (Oct) -- early 1581, studied under various people in Italy, France, and Germany.
1581 (early), returned to Basel. 1581 (2 May), MD.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Calvinist
French Protestant. His father was a Huguenot refugee from France. 6. Discipline: anatomy, and botany.
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: None
7. Means of Support
Primary: Academic Position And Medical Practice
Secondary: Patronage, Government
1581 (27 Feb), held first public anatomy at U. of Basel.
1581 (13 May), made member of Faculty of medicine.
1582 (April), made professor of Greek (continued teaching anatomy and botany).
1584, became consiliarius of Faculty of Medicine (held office until death).
1586, first of 8 times as dean of faculty.
1592, rector of university.
1589, special chair in anatomy and botany created for him.
1580's, growing private medical practice.
1597 (6?), along with brother Jean, is physician to Duke Frederick of Wuerttemberg.
1598, rector of university.
1611, rector of university.
1614, became archiater to the city of Basel.
1614, appointed professor of practice of medicine.
1619, rector of university.
8. Patronage
Type: Court & Aristocracy
Co-physician to Duke Frederick of Wuerttemberg (his father, son, and grandson were also physicians in various courts).
His books dedicated to various barons.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
Wide ranging correspondence to collect botanical information.
No formal societies.
  1. C. Jessen, in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Band II, (Leipzig 1876), S. 151-2 -- (ref room) L. Legré, La botanique en Provence au XVIe siecle. Les Deux Bauhin, Jean Henri Cherler et Valerand Dourez, (Marseille, 1904).
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. Albrecht Burckhardt, Geschichte der Medizinischen Fakultaet zu Basel 1460 - 1900, (Basel, 1917), pp. 95 -123.
  2. J. von Hess, Bauhins Leben, (Basel, 1860).
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.

©1995 Al Van Helden
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