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Bauhin, Jean

1. Dates
Born: Basel, Switzerland, 12 Feb 1541
Died: Montpeliard, principality of Wuertemberg- Montpeliard, 27 Oct 1612
Dateinfo: Dates Certain
Lifespan: 71
2. Father
Occupation: Physician
I assume prosperous.
3. Nationality
Birth: born: Swiss (son of French emigres)
Career: French, Swiss, German
Death: German
4. Education
Schooling: Tübingen, Zurich (Carol); Montpelier, M.D., also Padua, Bologna
Studied under his father.
"Basic education in Basel", with Curione (Basel professor) among others, then Tübingen (with Leonard Fuchs) and Zurich (with Conrad Gesner).
"Short visits to foreign universities between 1560 and 1563 (1561-2 in Montpellier, lived with and studied under Rondelet) -- for details see ADB. He attained the M.D.
In Italy in 1562-3, especially Padua and Bologna.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Calvinist
French Protestant. His father was a Huguenot refugree from France.
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Botany,
Subordinate: Medicine
A few minor medical writings.
7. Means of Support
Primary: 7. Support: Medical Practice And Patronage
1563-8, medical practice at Lyons.
1568, began medical practice at Geneva.
1570, professor of rhetoric, U. of Basel; I gather that this appointment lasted only a short time.
1570, called to Montpeliard as personal physician, anatomist, and botanist to Duke Frederick of Wuertemberg. He established a botanical garden for the Duke in 1567.
He was frequently called on medical consultations by illustrious patients in the general neighborhood, such as the Duchess of Lorraine.
8. Patronage
Types: Court, Aristrocrat
Personal physician to Duke Frederick of Wuertemberg.
Displayed his archeological collections in a museum at Duke Frederick's chateau.
Went on "missions" for Duke Frederick.
"Der Berner Patricier Grassenried" gave 40,000 Gulden for the postumous publication of his Historia Plantarum. However, this was long after Bauhin's death--don't list it.
However, those illustrious patients such as the Duchess of Lorraine.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Membership: Medical College
Informal: friend and correspondent of Gesner collaborators and informants in many countries, really with botanists everywhere he went.
Formal: 1575 instrumental in establishing the College of Medical Practioners in Montpeliard, which regulated the duties of all practitioners and provided free medical services to the poor.
  1. C. Jessen, in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, II, (Leipzig, 1876) 149-151. L. Legré, La botanique en Provence au XVIe siecle. Les Deux Bauhin, Jean Henri Cherler et Valerand Dourez, (Marseille, 1904).
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. L.-M. Dupetit-Thouars, Biographie universelle, 3, 556-559.
  2. C. Duvernay, Notices sur quelques medicines, naturalistes et agronomes nes ou etablis a Montbeliard des le seizieme siecle, (Besancon, 1838), 1-24.
  3. E. and E. Haag, La France protestante, 2nd ed., 1, (Paris 1887), 1016-1023.
  4. C. Roth, "Stammtafeln einiger ausgestorbener Gelehrtenfamilien," Basler Zeitschrift fuer Geschichte und Altertumkunde, 15 (1916), 47-55.
  5. C. P. J. Sprengel, Geschichte der Botanik (Leipzig, 1817-1818), pp. 364 - 369.
  6. DSB lists others but they seem primarily to do with his science.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.

©1995 Al Van Helden
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