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Cordus, Euricius

1. Dates
Born: Simtshausen bei Marburg (Siemershausen), Hesse, 1486 (DSB, Greene, Leake) or 1484 (Neue deutsche Biographie)
Died: Bremen, Germany, 24 Dec 1535
Dateinfo: Birth Uncertain
Lifespan: 49
2. Father
Occupation: Peasant/Small Farmer, Magistrate
A farmer in the village of Frankenberg, of which he was Burgermeister.
He is said to have been well to do; I'm willing to accept
3. Nationality
Birth: German
Career: German
Death: German
4. Education
Schooling: Erfuhrt, M.A.; Ferrara, M.D.
Secondary: probably attended schools in Wetter and Frankenberg.
University: ca 1505-7 studied at Erfurt.
after interruption, MA Erfurt 1516.
after interruption, MD Ferrara 1521 or 1522.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Catholic, then (by 1527) ardent Lutheran
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Botany
7. Means of Support
Primary: Medicine, Academia, Government
Secondary: Schoolmastering
1511, headmaster of a school in Kassel.
1514, married pharmacist's daughter; occupation unknown, in great poverty (within a year had second son).
1517, studied and lectured at Leipzig, then.
1517, became rector of the Abbey School of St. Mary in Erfurt, which he had founded with the humanists Eobanus Hessus and Joachim Camerarius.
1521, the school closed, and because "his income was not nearly adequate" he decided to study medicine; an Erfurt physician named Sturtius lent him the money to go to Italy.
Returned to Erfurt, practiced medicine for 4 - 5 years.
1523, accepted an appointment as municipal physician for Brunswick.
1527, Hessian Landgrave Philip the Magnanimous made him professor of medicine at newly founded Univ. of Marburg.
Twice rector of the Philippina.
1533, resigned from Marburg to accept appointment as municipal physician in Bremen; also professor at the Gymnasium there.
8. Patronage
Types: Court And Magistrates
Landgraf Phillip the Magnanimous of Hesse.
Dedicated his Botanilogicon to the Senate and Citizens of Bremen.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
Informal contact with various humanists.
Formal: none.
  1. Helmut Dolezal, Neue deutsche Biographie, 3, 358 - 359.
  2. E. L. Greene, "Landmarks of Botanical History," in Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, 54.1 (1909), 263-314. Q11.S65
  3. C. D. Leake, "Valerius Cordus and the Discovery of Ether", Isis, 7 (1925), 14 - 24 -- Q2.I8
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. All other sources in DSB not in library. (He is sometimes mentioned in sources about his son, Valerius, not all of which I have yet read.)
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.

1995 Al Van Helden
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