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Dalechamps, Jacques

1. Dates
Born: Caen, 1513
Died: Lyons, 1 March 1588
Dateinfo: Dates Certain
Lifespan: 75
2. Father
Occupation: Unknown
No information on financial status.
3. Nationality
Birth: French
Career: French
Death: French
4. Education
Schooling: Montpelier, M.D.
He entered the University of Montpellier in 1545, received his first degree in medicine in 1546, and M.D. in 1547. He studied under Guillaume Rondolet. I assume a B.A. or its equivalent.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Catholic (assumed)
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Botany, Medicine, Surgery
His most important scientific work is the Historia generalis plantarum (1586-1687), the most complete botanical complilation of its time and the first to describe much of the flora peculiar to the region around Lyons. His other more or less original work is the Chirugie franciose (1570).
Much of his effort was directed toward editing and translating earlier scientific and medical writings.
7. Means of Support
Primary: Medicine, Government
After a few years in Grenoble and Valence, he moved in 1552 to Lyons, where he spend the remainder of his life.
After arriving in Lyons in 1552, he has appointed Médecine de Hotel-Dieu, which appears to have been a municipal appointment. In his translation of Galen he is called "lecteur ordinaire di chirurgie." He is alternately called a doctor or professor, even at Grenoble and Valence. According to the Grente Dictionaire, he managed the jardin des plantes at Lyons. According to Hoefer, he practiced medicine successfully in Lyons. I think this latter has to be correct.
8. Patronage
Types: City Magistrate, Eccesiastic Official
The consulate of Lyons relieved another man of the post of médecine in order to give it to Dalechamps.
An edition of De peste has a prefactory letter from Dalechamps to the Bishop of Valence.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
There is minimal evidence for pharmacology, but the evidence seems too slender for reliance.
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
His friends and Correspondents included Rondolet, Conrad Gesner, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Robert Constantin, and Jean Fernel.
  1. Georges Grente, ed., Dictionaire des lettrés francaises: Le seizième siècle, (Paris, 1951), p. 211. PQ41 .D55 RF F.Hoefer, Nouvelle biographie générale, 12, 804-806. CT143.H6
  2. RF Charles B. Schmitt, "Some Notes on Jacobus Dalechampius and his Traslation of Theophrastus", Gesnerus, 26 (1969), 36-53.
  3. R131 .A1G3 Philippe-Louis Joly, Eloges de quelsque auteurs français, (Dijon, 1742), pp. 350-68.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.

©1995 Al Van Helden
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