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Gagliardi, Domenico

1. Dates
Born: Rome, c. 1660
Died: Rome, c. 1725 These are OlagŁe's dates; they differ from those in DSB. His work is more recent, and it appears authoritative.
Dateinfo: Both Dates Uncertain
Lifespan: 65
2. Father
Occupation: No Information
No information on financial status.
3. Nationality
Birth: Italian
Career: Italian
Death: Italian
4. Education
Schooling: Sapienza (Rome), M.D.
This is not really known; it is the assumption of the authorities on Gagliardi.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Catholic
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Primary: Ant, Medicine, Microscopy
Subordinate: His Name Is Especially Connected With Anatomy particularly the skeletal system, which he summarized in Anatomes ossium novis inventis illustrata (1689). The book contains the first description of a case of what was presumably tuberculosis of the bone. He carried out morphological and microscopic investigations on human bones, using chemical reagents in order to bring out the fine structure.
In 1720 he did a close study of the pneumonia epidemic raging in Rome. His study was anatomicopathological in approach and based on carefully conducted autopsies. The study led to his Relazione de' male di petto, 1720.
He also published other medical works.
7. Means of Support
Primary: Medicine, Academia, Government
There is little or no information on his life. The scanty information provided by biographers indicates that he was a professor at the University of Rome, but his name did not appear in the rotoli. He was also the protomedico of the Papal States, and of Rome in particular, a function in some measure similar to that of a chief provincial doctor.
Gagliardi was also the dean of the physicians at the hosptial of Santo Spirito.
8. Patronage
Types: Eccesiastic Official, Physician
The entry "Ecc" assumes that someone moved his appointment as protomedico.
Gagliardi dedicated his Relazione to Sinibaldo Doria, Supervisor of the Hospital of Santo Spirito in Rome.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Membership: Medical College
He was a member of the Medical College of Rome.
  1. Guillermo OlagŁe de Ros, "La Relazione de' Male di Petto di Domenico Gagliardi (Ca. 1660 - Ca. 1735) en el ambiente anatomoclinico romano," Dynamis 3 (1983), 289-302.
  2. Mario Radelli, "La Anatome ossium di Domenico Gaglirdi," Physis, 2 (1960), 223-31.
  3. Dezeimeris, J.E. Ollivier and Raige-Delorme, Dictionnaire historique de la medecine ancienne et moderne, 4 vols. (Paris, 1828-39), 2, 426-7. The names, without first names or initials except for Ollivier, appear this way on volume 1; Dezeimeris alone appears on the remaining volumes.
  4. Not a great deal is known about Gagliardi apart from his publications.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.

©1995 Al Van Helden
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