Ingrassia, Giovanni Filippo
- 1. Dates
- Born: Regalbuto (near Palermo, Sicily), ca. 1510
- Died: Palermo, 6 Nov. 1580
- Dateinfo: Birth Uncertain
- Lifespan: 70
- 2. Father
- Occupation: Nothing Known About The Family
- No information on financial status.
- 3. Nationality
- Birth: Italian
- Career: Italian
- Death: Italian
- 4. Education
- Schooling: Palermo, Padua, MD.
- Apparently started medical studies in Palermo.
- Soon transferred to Padua, where he was the student of Vesalius, whose lifetime follower Ingassia became.
- M.D., 1537.
- 5. Religion
- Affiliation: Catholic (assumed)
- 6. Scientific Disciplines
- Primary: Primary: Med, Anatomy
- Subordinate: Ingassia Is Best Known For Anatomical Studies, Especially Of
the bones, which date from the period in Naples. They show his continuing debt to Vesalius.
- He published on the plague.
- He is called the founder of legal medicine, which in his case included issues such as the validity of testimony taken under torture. And he also contributed to veterinary medicine.
- 7. Means of Support
- Primary: Academia, Government, Medicine
- Nothing is known about his activities in the period 1537-44. In view of what followed, and in view of his degree, it is reasonable to assume that he practiced medicine and with success.
- 1544: appointed professor of anatomy and medicine at the University of Naples. Apparently this appointment was arranged by the Viceroy, Don Garcia di Toledo.
- 1556: Appointed Protomedicus at Palermo, at the recommendation of the Spanish Viceroy for Sicily, Juan de Vega.
- In Sicily Ingrassia became famous for his treatment of Giovanni d'Arragone, Marquis of Terranova, who had been very seriously wounded in a tournament.
- As Protomedicus, Ingrassia was able, among other things, partially to control the endemic malaria by draining swamps, and to mitigate the impact of a plague by use of isolation hospitals. He was responsible for the first sanitary code.
- Capparoni states that Ingrassia's rapid professional advance was due to his fame as a physician.
- 8. Patronage
- Types: Government Official, Aristrocrat
- The viceroys (above)
- The Marquis of Terranova.
- 9. Technological Involvement
- Type: Medical Practice
- 10. Scientific Societies
- Memberships: None
- Correspondence with Vesalius.
- G. Pitrè, "Pel IV centenario della nascita di G.F. Ingrassia," Atti della R. Accademia delle scienze mediche in Palermo, (1913-15), 150-67.
- A. Piraino, "G.F. Ingrassia, l'"ipocrate siciliano" del '500 e la sua opera," La cultura medica moderna, 15 (1936), 270-8.
- OK Pietro Capparoni, Profili bio-bibliografici di medici e naturalisti celebri italiani dal sec. XV al sec. XVII, 2 vols. (Rome, 1925-28), 1, 42-4. In the copy I have, vol. 1 is from the second ed, (1932) and vol. 2 from the first (1928). I gather that pagination in the two editions is not identical.
- Dezeimeris, J.E. Ollivier and Raige-Delorme, Dictionnaire historique de la médecine ancienne et moderne, 4 vols. (Paris, 1828-39), 3, 210-1. The names, without first names or initials except for Ollivier, appear this way on volume 1; Dezeimeris alone appears on the remaining volumes.
- Not Available and Not Consulted
- G.G. Perrando, "Festeggiamenti commemorativi," Rivista di storia critica delle scienze mediche e naturali, 1 (1910-12), 75-9.
- B. Bilancioni, "L'opera medico-legale di Ingrassia," Cesalpino, 11 (1915), 249-71.
- Compiled by:
- Richard S. Westfall
- Department of History and Philosophy of Science
- Indiana University
Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue
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