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Jungius, Joachim

1. Dates
Born: Lübeck, 22 Oct. 1587
Died: Hamburg, 23 Sept. 1657
Dateinfo: Dates Certain
Lifespan: 70
2. Father
Occupation: Schoolmaster
He was the son of Nicolaus Junge, a professor at the Gymnasium at St. Katharinen, Luebeck. He was murdered in 1589.
His mother Brigitte Holdmann, later married Marint Nortmann, another professor at St. Katharinen.
No information on financial status.
3. Nationality
Birth: Luebeck, Germany
Career: Hamburg, Germany
Death: Hamburg, Germany
4. Education
Schooling: Rostock; Giessen, M.A.; Padua, M.D.
Until 1605, Gymnasium St. Katharinen, Luebeck.
1606-1608, University of Rostock, studying metaphysics at the faculty of arts under Johann Sleker.
1608, University of Giessen, matriculated and received his M.A.
1616, University of Rostock, began his study of medicine.
1619, University of Padua, received his M.D.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Lutheran (assumed)
I am not altogther comfortable with this assumption, because Jungius was reprimanded later in his life for having attended a Calvinist service, but I understand this to have been more of a gesture, than a regular practice.
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: NPh Primary: Philosophy Of Science
7. Means of Support
Primary: Medicine, Academia
1609-1614, professor of mathematics, University of Giessen.
1614-1615, resigned his post at Giessen and devoted himself (with Christoph Helvich and Wolfgang Ratke) to educational reform.
Thereafter, practiced medicine in Luebeck (1619-1623), Brunswick (1625), and Wolfenbuettel (1625).
1625, professor of medicine, University of Helmstedt.
1624-1625 and 1626-1628, professor of mathematics, University of Rostock.
1629-1657, professor of natural science and rector of the Akademisches Gymnasium, Hamburg. (Until 1640, he was also the rector at the Johanneum.)
8. Patronage
Type: Unknown
All of those academic appointments were impossible without patronage.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
1623 (or 1622), he founded a scientific society, Societas Ereunetica, modelled on the Accademia dei Lincei. I'll keep this information, but unless someone else shows up in this otherwise unknown society, it seems better not to list it.
  1. Hans Kangro, Neue deutsche Biographie (Berlin, 1952- ) 10, 686a- 9a.
  2. Hans Kangro, Johann Jungius Experimente und Gedanken zur Begruendung der Chemie als Wissenschaft: ein Beitrag zur Geistesgeschichte des 17. Jahrhunderts (Wiesbaden: F. Steiner, 1968), esp. 336-342. [QD14.K16] Christoph Meinel, In physicis futurum saeculum respicio: Joachim Jungius und die Naturwissenschaftliche Revolution des 17.
  3. Jahrhunderts (Goettingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, 1984).
  4. [QC7.M45 1984]
  5. Adolf Meyer, ed., Beitraege zur Jungius-Forschung (Hamburg: Paul Hartung, 1929) [Q171.H295]
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. G.E. Guhrauer, Joachim Jungius und sein Zeitalter (Stuttgart- Tuebingen, 1850). Christoph Meinel, Die Bibliothek des Joachim Jungius: Ein Beitrag zur Historia litteraria der frühen Neuzeit (Veröffentichungen der Joachim Jungius-Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften Hamburg, 67), (Göttingen, 1992).
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

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©1995 Al Van Helden
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