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Stuart, Alexander

1. Dates
Born: Aberdeen (?), Scotland, 1673
Died: London, 15 Sept. 1742
Dateinfo: Dates Certain
Lifespan: 69
2. Father
Occupation: Unknown
No information.
No information on financial status.
3. Nationality
Birth: Scottish
Career: English
Death: English
4. Education
Schooling: Aberdeen; Leiden, M.D.
Marischal College, Aberdeen; M.A., 1691. The M.A. was the initial degree at the Scottish university; I list it as a B.A.
Leiden, 1709; M.D., 1711. These dates are correct.
M.D., Cambridge, 1728--by patronage.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Anglican
By assumption.
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Physiology, Medicine
Disseratio de structura et motu musculari, 1738. Three Lectures on Muscular Motion, 1739. These two related works, elaborating on his doctoral thesis at Leiden, expounded the doctrines of iatromechanism.
New Discoveries and Improvements in Anatomy and Surgery . . . with Cases and Cures, 1738.
7. Means of Support
Primary: Unknown, Medicine, Patronage
The sparse literature on Stuart says nothing at all about the years between his undergraduate degree and his enrollment at Leiden eighteen years later.
Physician to Westminster Hospital, 1719-33.
Physician to St. George's Hospital, 1733-6. I suspect that both of these positions carried salaries, but they are not mentioned in the literature about Stuart.
Physician to the Queen, 1728.
8. Patronage
Type: Court Official
The Queen.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: Royal Society, Medical College, Académie Royal des Sciences
Royal Society, 1714. First Croonian Lecturer (on muscular physiology), 1738. Copley medal for this work.
College of Physicians of London, 1728. Censor, 1732, 1741.
Académie Royale des Sciences.
  1. William Munk, The Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London, (London, 1878), 2, 109.
  2. Robert W. Innes Smith, English-Speaking Students of Medicine at the University of Leyden, (Edinburgh, 1932), p. 226.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.

©1995 Al Van Helden
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