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Valverde, Juan de

1. Dates
Born: Amusco, Pelencia, Spain, c. 1525
Died: Rome, c. 1588
Dateinfo: Both Dates Uncertain
Lifespan: 63
2. Father
Occupation: No Information
No information on financial status.
3. Nationality
Birth: Spanish
Career: Italian
Death: Italian
4. Education
Schooling: Valladolid, Padua
It is believed that he studied at Valladolid University and went to Italy after his B.A.
He studied anatomy at Padua under Vesalius and Colomba until about 1543.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Catholic
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Medicine, Anatomy, Physiology
1551, De animi et corporis sanitate tuenda libellus.
1556, Historia de la composicion del cuerpo humano. There is much contention about this book which is often accused of plagiary from Vesalius, but seems to have rather made advances on what Vesalius accomplished. It was republished far more than Vesalius. Its plates are based on Vesalius' but apparently contain improvements. This work also first stated the lesser circulation.
7. Means of Support
Primary: Medicine, Patronage
Secondary: Schoolmastering
He went to Pisa with Colombo in 1545 as his assistant and then accompanied him to Rome in 1548. Here he settled.
De animi dedicated to Cardinal Verallo.
He was physician to Card Alvarez de Toledo (the Duke of Alba's son); dedicated the Historia to him.
He taught medicine at the Santo Spirito Hospital (at least in 1555). (Schoolmaster, in the broad sense in which I use it, seems to only appropriate category.)
8. Patronage
Types: Ecclesiastic Officials, Court
See the dedications and position above.
He dedicated the manuscript of the Historia to the Pope.
He dedicated the Italian version of the Historia to Philip II.
9. Technological Involvement
Type: Medical Practice
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
  1. José Maria Lopez Piñero, et al., Diccionaria historico de la ciencia moderna en España, 2 vols. (Barcelona: Ediciones Peninsula, 1983). Francisco Guerra, "Juan de Valverde de Amusco," Clio medica, 2 (1967), 339-62.
  2. A.W. Meyer and S.K. Wirt, "The Amuscan Illustration," Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 14 (1943), 667-87.
  3. Anastasio Chincilla, Anales historicos de la medicina en general y biografico-bibliograficos de la Española en particular, 4 vols. (Valencia: Lopez et al, 1841-6), 1, 236-45.
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. Luis Alverti Lopez, La anatomia y los anatomistas españoles de siglo XVI, (Granada, 1902).
  2. Cesar Fernanez-Ruiz, "Estudio biografico sobre el Dr. Valverde," Clinica y laboratorio, 66 (1958), 207-40.
  3. Carlos del Valle-Inslan, "El lexico anatomico de Montana y Valverde," Archivos iberoamericanos de historia de la medicina, 1 (1949), 121-88.
  4. Josep Lluis Barona Villar, "El pensamiento biologico de Juan Valverde de Amusco," Physis, 29 (1992), 375-402.
  5. T. Neihaus, Juan Valverde de Arrieta, Doctoral Dissertation, University of Texas, 1976.
  6. I. Olagüe, "Juan Valverde de Arrieta y las ultima modificacion del clima en Castilla," Boletin de la Real Sociedad Vascongada de Amigos del Pais, 2 (1949), 413-27.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University

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©1995 Al Van Helden
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