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Zaluzansky ze Zaluzan, Adam

1. Dates
Born: Mnichovo Hradiste, Bohemia, between 1555 and 1560
Died: Prague, 8 December 1613
Dateinfo: Birth Uncertain
Lifespan: 55
2. Father
Occupation: Estate Administrator
His father was a secretary in Mnichovo Hradiste and superintendent of the estate, Ptejrov, nearby. The fathers of Marci and Willis (and perhaps others that I will need to look for) had this status, and I have created the category "Estate Administrat or" to cover them.
No information on finanical status.
3. Nationality
Birth: Czechoslovakian
Career: Czechoslovakian
Death: Czechoslovakian
4. Education
Schooling: Prague (Charles), M.A.; Helmstedt, M.D.
1581, B.A. at the Charles University in Prague.
1584, M.A. at the Charles University.
1587, M.D. at Helmstedt.
5. Religion
Affiliation: Protestant
He was an Utraquist, a denomination descended from Huss.
6. Scientific Disciplines
Primary: Botany, Medicine, Pharmacology
Subordinate: Mathematics, Astronomy
Methodi herbariae libri tres, (Prague, 1592). Republished in Frankfurt in 1604. In this work Zaluzansky discussed the concept that plants have sex. However, he did not recognize male and female sexes in plants, but held rather that plants have a s eparate, mixed sex.
Rad Apotekarsky (Pharmaceutical Order), 1592. This book resulted from Zaluzansky's work as supervisor of pharmacy in the Old City of Prague.
Cena neb vymereni vseck lekarstvi (Prices or Standards of All Medicine), 1596, 1604, 1659, 1699, 1737. In Czech, German, and French.
Galenumet vicenam libri VII. An attack on old-fashioned superstitions in medicine and a plea for a return to the natural way of healing. The work was dedicated to Emperor Rudolf II.
Zaluzansky was also a classical scholar and a poet.
7. Means of Support
Primary: Academia, Medicine
Secondary: Schoolmastering, Government
1585-6, Headmaster of a school in Kraluv Hradec.
1587, lecturer at Charles University in Greek classical literature.
1589, Dean of Charles University.
1591, Professor of Greek literature and Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy.
1593, Rector of Prague University.
His book on Pharmaceutical Order, which stemmed from duties as supervisor of pharmacy for the Old City of Prague, was published in 1592. I do not know other details about this position.
1594, Zaluzansky married and was, as a result, dismissed from the university, which required celibacy in its faculty. Zaluzansky then established a successful medical practice in the Old City of Prague.
1595, Headmaster of Svaty Jindrich school in Prague. He apparently took on this position to supplement his income after he was forced to resign from the university.
Zaluzansky died during an epidemic of the plague and is buried in Bethlehem Chapel.
8. Patronage
Types: Court Official, Aristrocrat
Emperor Rudolf, to whom Zaluzansky dedicated a book, knighted him.
For Vilem of Rozmberg, a prominent aristocrat, Zaluzansky created a large botanical garden called "Kratochvile."
Count of Lüneburg and Count of Braunschweig, for whom he performed work similar to that for Vilem of Rozmberg.
9. Technological Involvement
Types: Medical Practice, Pharmacology
10. Scientific Societies
Memberships: None
Zaluzansky had close relations with specialists in medicine--Adam Hubr of Ryzmpach, and Mat. Borbonius and Theodor Sixtus of Ottersdorf--and with a prosecution lawyer, Jachym of Technice.
  1. L. Celakovsky, "Adam Zaluzansky ze Saluzan ve svem pomeru k Nauce o pohlavi rostlin," Ostveta, 6 (1876), 33-54.
  2. Ottuv slovnik naucny, (Prague, 1908), 27, 413-14.
Not Available and Not Consulted
  1. K. Pejml, "Adam Zaluzansky de Saluzany, sa personalité et son oeuvre en tenant compte de son ourvage Methodi herbariae libri tres," Summa dissertationum facultati rerum naturalium Universitati Carolinae anno 1946, no. 183, (Prague, 1948), pp. 11-13.
Compiled by:
Richard S. Westfall
Department of History and Philosophy of Science
Indiana University
Note: the creators of the Galileo Project and this catalogue cannot answer email on geneological questions.
©1995 Al Van Helden
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